There are several hundred varieties of lettuce grown throughout the world. Here are a few of the most popular types of lettuce in Canada.
Bibb and Boston are types of butter lettuce. Butter lettuce originated in the Mediterranean, and Bibb and Boston are the most common varieties found in North America.
Boston leaves are wider and lighter green, while Bibbs are slightly smaller and range from green to rose-tipped leaves. While these are different varieties, they typically boast the same texture, flavour and appearance. They are both prised for their creamy texture, mellow sweet flavour, and ruffled green leaves. These soft lettuces are a favourite for sandwiches, salads, or wraps.
Romaine lettuce leaves are long and oblong in shape. Its outer leaves are leafy green and its inner leaves tend to be pale and crisp. Romaine is a powerhouse for nutrients. Its robust and sturdy texture makes it a popular choice for salads or lettuce leaf appetizers. Romaine lettuce is a household favourite!
Green/Red Leaf Lettuce
Leaf lettuce is a beautifully ruffled and leafy lettuce that provides a wonderful, buttery texture and mild flavour. Both red and green varieties are full of nutrients, with the red leaf providing a little deeper flavour and processing slight variations in nutrition from its green leafed cousin. Most commonly used for wraps or sandwiches, green and red lettuce is touted for it’s beautiful texture and appearance.
Iceberg lettuce used to be the king of lettuces, due to their sturdy nature and ability to stay fresh. However, with modern technological advancements for food transportation, iceberg lettuce has had to share the limelight with contemporary green favourites such as romaine and kale.
Although some say that iceberg is not as nutrient dense as romaine, it does provide some Vitamin A, potassium, and dietary fibre.
Iceberg lettuce is great for salads, wraps, hamburgers, and sandwiches due to their crunchy texture and mild flavour. It has a long lasting shelf life and is a great way to eat more veggies! Because the leaves are more tightly packed than their leafy counterparts, you don’t need to wash the inner leaves. Simply peel off the outer ones you don’t want to eat and all you need to do is slice and eat!